The Emerging Risk of Virtual Societal Warfare: Social Manipulation in a Changing Information Environment



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Published date: January 1, 2019

Author: Michael Mazarr, Ryan Bauer, Abigail Casey, Sarah Heintz, Luke Mathews

Subject tag: Disinformation and misinformation | Terrorism and violent extremism

Governments, social media companies, and other companies and foundations should support conceptualizing, funding, promoting, and assisting with research. There is a need to invest in research and understanding into the evolving nature of the information environment and its likely directions, key causal dynamics in that evolution, how populations react to various forms of social manipulation, and what the most effective answers might be.
[This entry was sourced with minor edits from the Carnegie Endowment’s Partnership for Countering Influence Operations and its baseline datasets initiative. You can find more information here:]